Seafood fraud and illegal fishing are significant threats to the health of the oceans.  With millions of people depending on seafood for nutritional and economic benefits, responsibly managed fisheries are critical.  Seafood fraud undermines honest businesses and fishers that play by the rules, rips off consumers and can even impact their health. Seafood fraud can also provide illegally caught fish with a new legal identity, hampering efforts to stop illegal fishing. Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing is a low-risk, high-reward activity, especially on the high seas where a fragmented legal framework and lack of effective enforcement allows it to thrive. It is off the books, ignores domestic and international fisheries laws, and amounts to estimated losses of $10 billion to $23 billion per year. IUU fishing has even been linked to transnational crimes like human trafficking and forced labor. Transparency at sea and traceability of seafood are essential to monitor fishing, identify suspicious activities, eliminate illegal fishing and restore healthy fisheries.

Oceana is working to help stop illegal fishing, increase transparency at sea, and require traceability of all seafood to ensure that all seafood is safe, legally caught, responsibly sourced and honestly labeled.